Discrimination handling in Germany (3)

Section 3: Historical background in Europe

Solving discrimination problems started as Frauenbewegung (Feminist movement) [1] in Europa, and developed to Gleichstellungsbeauftragte (equal opportunity). So, it started as a woman-man equality problem, but later it expanded to any kind of discrimination.

One of the leading companies of diversity is IBM [2]. IBM had an activity for equal opportunity employment (around 1900, IBM has not yet established at 1900, but it started in former IBM company) long before the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission had been established in US in 1965.

Freedom of expression is sometimes abused against human dignity. After world war II, it was decided that newspaper should be more independent from anything as soon as a public (Freedom of expression). This is in the basic law of Germany, Article 5 [3].


  1. Wikipedia de, Frauenbewegung, http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Frauenbewegung, (Online; accessed 2015-4-2(Thu))
  2. IBM, Diversity and Inclusion, http://www-03.ibm.com/employment/us/diverse/index.shtml, http://www-06.ibm.com/jp/employment/jp/life/modus/diversity.shtml, (Online; accessed 2015-4-2(Thu))
  3. Bundesministerium der Justiz und für Verbraucherschutz, Basic Law for the Federal Republic of Germany, English translation version,http://www.gesetze-im-internet.de/englisch_gg/englisch_gg.html, (Online; accessed 2015-4-2(Thu))

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