Discrimination handling in Germany (5)

Section 5: How to handle cases in a company

Inside a German company, a Behindertenvertreter (a representative of disabled people) handles any kind of discrimination problem of disabled personnel. Any company with five or more disabled employees has to form a Schwerbehindertenvertretung. (German Social Code: §94 Wahl und Amtszeit der Schwerbehindertenvertretung [1]).

The German federal government has an office for equal opportunity of disabled people: Die Beauftragte der Bundesregierung für die Belange behinderter Menschen [2]. The office handles not only disabled people's inequality, but also handles any kind of discrimination problems.

There seems no official third organization that handles each discrimination case, since non-governmental organization cannot have access to the internal information of a company. Usually the problem handler needs to access this kind of information. For example, inequality can be related with the salary, position, and so on. (However, more research is needed here.)

Federal Ministry of Family Affairs, Senior Citizens, Women and Youth (Bundesministerium für Familie, Senioren, Frauen und Jugend [3]) is responsible for family support, but this includes gender payments equality and so on. Therefore, this ministry also handles discrimination problems.

For the problems inside companies, there are mainly two organizations: Works council and trade union. They handle the equal opportunity problem in a company.

(Note: I don't know what is the relationship between different ministries when handling the discrimination problems. Do they co-operate, or is it decided by case by case that which ministry handles which case?)


  1. Bundesministerium der Justiz und für Verbraucherschutz, Sozialgesetzbuch (SGB) Neuntes Buch (IX) - Rehabilitation und Teilhabe behinderter Menschen - (Artikel 1 des Gesetzes v. 19.6.2001, BGBl. I S. 1046), Kapital 5, §94 Wahl und Amtszeit der Schwerbehindertenvertretung, http://www.gesetze-im-internet.de/sgb_9/__94.html, (Online; accessed 2015-4-5(Sun))
  2. Behindertenbeauftragte, Die Beauftragte der Bundesregierung für die Belange behinderter Menschen, http://www.behindertenbeauftragte.de/DE/Home/home_node.html, (Online; accessed 2015-4-3(Fri))
  3. Behindertenbeauftragte, Das Bundesministerium für Familie, Senioren, Frauen und Jugend, http://www.bmfsfj.de/BMFSFJ/gleichstellung,did=126762.html, (Online; accessed 2015-4-3(Fri))

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